Archive for May, 2006

The descent of the old man

Posted by Pelgrim on 29th May 2006

Child have you forgotten to be a child?
Living the moment to experience life,
connected in the frame of time.

It was Will that forced the atoms into being.
Orchestrated stars into bringing forth life,
to experience life in the beginning.

Why have you fallen
to a world of your making?
With fears and worries about a future,
that may never become true.

Life is a gift, don’t let it pass by.
A moment less in the frame of time.

I wish nothing else then to sit on my mountain,
and to see life down below.
Life is given to creation.
Don’t fight the created for you would be fighting life
Appreciate its many expressions as it is a fleeting gift

Birth prangs may be painfull to bring forth new life,
raising it to a higher level.
It is the father’s heart to give life to many

Sit at my table and enjoy the bread of life,
and the spirit that is your blood
for that is my love and gift to you.

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Posted in Mysticism | No Comments »

The physical vacuum

Posted by Pelgrim on 3rd May 2006

In our past physicist believed in a mysterious background medium that filled unoccupied space and through which light and radiation travels. This was labeled “ether” or “aether“. In Newtonian physics all waves are propagated through a medium, e.g., water waves through water, sound waves through air. When James Clerk Maxwell developed his electromagnetic theory of light, Newtonian physicists postulated ether as the medium that transmitted electromagnetic waves. Ether was held to be invisible, without odor, and of such a nature that it did not interfere with the motions of bodies through space. The concept was intended to connect the Newtonian mechanistic wave theory with Maxwell’s field theory. However, all attempts to demonstrate its existence, most notably the Michelson-Morley experiment of 1887, produced negative results and stimulated a vigorous debate among physicists that was not ended until the special theory of relativity proposed by Albert Einstein in 1905, became accepted.

It was Einstein who established that a void is a void and that the mysterious aether did not exist because there was no measurable physical effect.
Einstein was also responsible for the definition of a cosmological constant as part of his theory of general relativity to achieve a stationary universe. Einstein included the term in the equations for general relativity because he was dissatisfied that his equations do not allow for a stationary universe. Gravity would cause a universe which was initially at dynamical equilibrium to begin to contract. To counteract the contraction, Einstein added the cosmological constant.

After the discovery of Hubble redshift and the introduction of the expanding space paradigm Einstein abandoned the concept and called it the “biggest blunder” of his life.

The knowledge of science has taken a considerable leap forwards in these areas. Science discovered that a void is not empty and as a result a contradicting term has arisen called the physical vacuum.
Furthermore it was established that the redshift was not linear but instead quantitized.

The physical vacuum by Barry Setterfield

Then, late in the 19th century, it was realised that the vacuum could still contain heat or thermal radiation. If our container with the vacuum is now perfectly insulated so no heat can get in or out, and if it is then cooled to absolute zero, all thermal radiation will have been removed. Does a complete vacuum now exist within the container? Surprisingly, this is not the case. Both theory and experiment show that this vacuum still contains measurable energy. This energy is called the zero-point energy (ZPE) because it exists even at absolute zero.

The ZPE was discovered to be a universal phenomenon, uniform and all-pervasive on a large scale. Therefore, its existence was not suspected until the early 20th century. In 1911, while working with a series of equations describing the behaviour of radiant energy from a hot body, Max Planck found that the observations required a term in his equations that did not depend on temperature. Other physicists, including Einstein, found similar terms appearing in their own equations. The implication was that, even at absolute zero, each body will have some residual energy. Experimental evidence soon built up hinting at the existence of the ZPE, although its fluctuations do not become significant enough to be observed until the atomic level is attained. For example [2], the ZPE can explain why cooling alone will never freeze liquid helium. Unless pressure is applied, these ZPE fluctuations prevent helium’s atoms from getting close enough to permit solidification. In electronic circuits another problem surfaces because ZPE fluctuations cause a random “noise” that places limits on the level to which signals can be amplified.

The magnitude of the ZPE is truly large. It is usually quoted in terms of energy per unit of volume which is referred to as energy density. Well-known physicist Richard Feynman and others [3] have pointed out that the amount of ZPE in one cubic centimetre of the vacuum “is greater than the energy density in an atomic nucleus” [4]. Indeed, it has been stated that [5]: “Formally, physicists attribute an infinite amount of energy to this background. But, even when they impose appropriate cutoffs at high frequency, they estimate conservatively that the zero-point density is comparable to the energy density inside an atomic nucleus.” In an atomic nucleus alone, the energy density is of the order of 1044. (An erg is defined as “the energy expended or work done when a mass of 1 gram undergoes an acceleration of 1 centimetre per second per second over a distance of 1 centimetre.”)

Estimates of the energy density of the ZPE therefore range from at least 1044 ergs per cubic centimetre up to infinity. For example, Jon Noring made the statement that “Quantum Mechanics predicts the energy density [of the ZPE] is on the order of an incomprehensible 1098 ergs per cubic centimetre.”Prigogine and Stengers also analysed the situation and provided estimates of the size of the ZPE ranging from 10100 ergs per cubic centimetre up to infinity. In case this is dismissed as fanciful, Stephen M. Barnett from the University of Oxford, writing in Nature (March 22, 1990, p.289), stated: “The mysterious nature of the vacuum [is] revealed by quantum electrodynamics. It is not an empty nothing, but contains randomly fluctuating electromagnetic fields, with an infinite zero-point energy.” In actual practice, recent work suggests there may be an upper limit for the estimation of the ZPE at about 10114 ergs per cubic centimetre (this upper limit is imposed by the Planck length, as discussed below).

In order to appreciate the magnitude of the ZPE in each cubic centimetre of space, consider a conservative estimate of 1052 ergs/cc. Most people are familiar with the light bulbs with which we illuminate our houses. The one in my office is labelled as 150 watts. (A watt is defined as 107 ergs per second.) By comparison, our sun radiates energy at the rate of 3.8 x 1020 watts. In our galaxy there are in excess of 100 billion stars. If we assume they all radiate at about the same intensity as our sun, then the amount of energy expended by our entire galaxy of stars shining for one million years is roughly equivalent to the energy locked up in one cubic centimetre of space.

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Posted in Quantum Energy wave field | 2 Comments »